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#IranProtest – una nuova onda verde in Iran? 🇮🇷

by Norberto Cristofori

Iranian protests in Tehran. Credits: Daily Express

Dal 16 Novembre l’Iran è isolato dal mondo. Il governo guidato da Rouhani ha disattivato la rete internet in tutto il Paese. Il motivo principale è l’aumento e lo spargersi in più di 60 città di numerose proteste contro l’aumento del 300% del prezzo della benzina.

Qualche giorno fa l’Iran aveva annunciato il ritrovamento di un enorme nuovo giacimento di petrolio che avrebbe aumentato la produzione e le riserve di miliardi di barili.

Ma le cattive acque diplomatiche con gli Stati Uniti e il ritorno delle sanzioni hanno riaperto una grave crisi economica nel Paese.

Per questo molti iraniani sono scesi in piazza da Teheran a Shirazaffrontando un duro e sanguinoso scontro con l’esercito e la polizia.

Le notizie che arrivano da un Paese senza contatti con l’esterno sono di diversi morti e decine di feriti.

Le protese non si sono fermate neanche davanti alle parole dell’Ayatollah Alì Khamenei, la guida spirituale del paese, che ha difeso la decisione del governo, intervenendo direttamente con una sua dichiarazione:

«Azioni di sabotaggio vengono messe in atto da teppisti sostenuti da potenze straniere, non dal nostro popolo. La controrivoluzione e i nemici dell’Iran hanno sempre sostenuto il sabotaggio e la violazione della sicurezza del nostro paese. Io non sono un esperto, ma quando tre istituzioni prendono una decisione, io la appoggio.»

Alì Khamenei, 2019
  • Queste violente proteste potranno portare ad una nuova fase politica in Iran?
  • Le sanzioni degli Usa contro l’Iran devono continuare, pur rischiando di destabilizzare ancora di più un area già agitata?
  • Il malessere sociale e un sempre meno sostegno a figure come l’Ayatollah potranno far nascere una nuova Onda Verde in Iran?

Letture consigliate:

https://www.huffingtonpost.it/entry/la-rivolta-della-benzina-infiamma-liran-shirin-ebadi-la-protesta-puo-diventare-una-nuova-onda-verde_it_5dd01ec7e4b01f982f02bf02

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/protests-erupt-iran-hikes-petrol-prices-191116092855017.html

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/16/protests-erupt-in-iran-after-government-raises-price-of-gas-by-50

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The “Julian Assange” Dilemma: criminal or champion of justice?

by Aurora Ceccotti

Julian Assange on the homepage of his infamous secretive document-sharing platform Wikileaks. Credits: Alamy

On Tuesday, November 18th, the Assange rape investigation was dropped.

The co-founder of Wikileaks, however, still has to face 18 charges from the USA. He is, for instance, accused to have leaked thousands of classified documents and having broken into a Pentagon computer.

The figure of Assange is incredibly controversial: on one hand, it may be argued that the charges he has to respond to are not legitimate as he was simply providing an alternative source of information, which is one of the essential features a democracy needs to have to be defined as such. On the other hand, it could be claimed that he acted against the law, meaning that he has to respond to rightful accusations.

  • What are the implications of leaking sensitive, secret information?
  • How can the harmful use of these information be avoided?
  • Can the charge of rape be considered as what Chomsky defines as the “flak” filter, used by the ruling power as a tool to enhance propaganda and preserve its control over masses?

Suggested readings and reports:

ITALY & FASCISM: the Complicity of infinite Political Bargaining 🇮🇹

by Milena Di Nenno

Liliana Segre: Holocaust survivor, Italian Senator. Credits: LaRepubblica

98 were the abstentions in the Italian Parliament for the vote on the motion to establish a commission against hate, racism, and antisemitism.

200 is the average antisemitic and hateful messages that who proposed this commission receives daily.

2 are the body guards who have been assigned to protect this person.

She is Liliana Segre, an Italian 89-year-old senator for life and survivor of the Holocaust. She was deported to Auschwitz in 1943, at the age of 13, not because she was Italian, but because she was Jewish.

From the outside, these numbers might be only partially significant, yet they summarize the last 75 years of Italian history. As soon as the Italian people realized the cruel betrayal of the Italian Jews, who even supported the Fascist regime at the beginning, antisemitisim seemed to disappear from discussions. However, there is a sentiment that was kept alive underneath the surface; it is the “Mussolini ha fatto anche cose buone” – Mussolini did also good things – belief, that some Italians continue to advocate for. Were the good things more relevant than the bad things? Were these enough to forget about all the remaining cruelties?

Unfortunately, the answer seems to be yes. Otherwise, we would not be in this situation in which some question the legitimacy of Liliana Segre as senator for life. “What did she do to get a senator salary financed by the Italians?”- one of the many hate messages she received spells. She was a witness of the horrifying violation of human rights carried out by the Fascist regime, but still this is probably not as good as Mussolini’s “cose buone.”

All of this is likely to be the result of Italian political class’s weakness, or unwillingness. It is the result of continuous political bargaining that usually is left with no solution and then forgotten, in the same way Fascist cruelty seems to have been.

We have evidence of it even for what concerns the most obvious issue after the end of WWII: the damnatio memoriae of Fascism was never put into place.

Italian far-right movements will continue to consider themselves legitimized, if this is the approach of the political cast.

Those 98 abstentions are not just another one of the numerous failures of Italian politicians to reach agreements. These abstentions symbolize a strong indifference, driven by some sort of denialism, towards problems that belong to the past, but are not past.

• To what extend is second-hand guilt a strong emotion in contemporary societies?

• How important is second-hand guilt for the political decision-making process?

• Would a damnatio memoriaeof Fascism be necessary?


Suggested reading:

⁃ Fascism as ‘heritage’ in contemporary Italy” by Joshua Arthurs https://www.academia.edu/435790/Fascism_as_Heritage_in_Contemporary_Italy

THE 9th OF NOVEMBER: one date, multiple meanings for Germany’s history 🇩🇪

by Marta Moretti

Angela Merkel at the memorial ceremony on Nov. 9, 2019. Credits: The Guardian

Not only the anniversary of the end of a 40 years separation, but also the 1938’s Night of broken glass echoing the progrom against Jewish carried out by Nazism.

A red rose was laid down by chancellor Angela Merkel on the Wall memorial at Bernauer Straße, urging European leader sto “stand up for democracy and freedom, for human rights and tolerance”.

Although former wall anniversaries were always celebrated with many events, nothing was organized today to bring all Berliners together.

Among the citizens of Berlin, 87% report to be relieved that the city is no longer divided, but 42% feel that the reunification process happened too quickly, a survey of the Berliner Zeitung newspaper shows.

• After 30 years, is the new unified Germany a simple fusion of the two halves, or simply a takeover by the West?
• Is Germans’ identity suffering from the burden of the past?


Suggested readings:
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/09/german-leaders-mark-fall-of-berlin-wall-with-warning-about-democracy

LEBANESE REVOLUTION: a Worldwide Struggle for Justice and Equality 🇱🇧

by Aurora Ceccotti

Photo by Oscar Chan on Pexels.com

The WhatsApp tax that initiated what Al-Jazeera defines as a #revolution is just the tip of the iceberg. After years of dereliction of duty by the government and economic mismanagement, Lebanese people are demonstrating side by side, regardless cultural or religious differences, with common goals, such as, but not limited to an administration free of #corruption and the #resignation of Lebanese officials.

The support for Lebanon comes from all over the world, as many Lebanese living in other countries are showing support to their fellow citizens. This revolution shows how people can overcome differences and distance when united by the same purpose of achievement of #justice and #equality.

“On one side I’m extremely proud of what’s going on in Lebanon and I’m happy I have the chance to raise awareness about the current situation here in London; on the other hand, it’s hard not to be in my country in such an important historic event, I wish I could be there and provide a greater contribution to the protest”, says Layla, a Lebanese student living in London.

– How will the government respond to the demonstrators’ request?

– Does the revolution represent a step towards an improved form of democracy?

Suggested Readings:

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/comedy-satire-lebanese-revolution-191028052649555.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-50124312

SYRIAN CONFLICT: Donald Trump and the Turkish Sanctions Case

by Giacomo Di Capua

Photo by Aaron Kittredge on Pexels.com

Regardless of a steady advance of joint Turkish and Russian forces into Northern Syria, US President Donald J. #Trump yesterday lifted all sanctions against Turkey, previously imposed to condemn Recep Tayyp #Erdogan’s military aggression in the past weeks.

On the other side of the conflict, Russian intelligence adamantly plans on increasing the presence of Mr #Putin’s armed forces by capitalizing the now lifted American pressure on the Turskish military actions.

• How do you think should the international community react to such a move by Mr Trump?
• What is the extent to which Turkey can claim to act in the name of national security?

More on the topic in the article below!

Why do we need a New Global Order?

January 2018. This is where our journey has begun.

Be the change that you wish to see in the world.

— Mahatma Gandhi.

Have you ever thought that there seems to be no alternative to the current political order? Racism, nationalism, xenophobia – these are the main actors of today’s politics.
Here, we try to make people reflect, discuss and think about what is going wrong