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Abdallah Hamdok & Sudan’s Freedom

By Sonia Harim

Credits: Anadolu Agency

Sudan’s Prime Minister, Abdallah Hamdok, survived an assassination attempt in Khartoum this past 9th March. His convoy car was not affected, but the loud blast hit cars nearby, and the leader was able to escape, revealing that he is “safe and in shape”.

Ever since the explosion, he has stated that in spite of the attack to his person, the political liberation path of Sudan will not slow down nor stop – although it is obvious that the way towards democracy in Sudan has its opponents, local and regional.

No group or individual took responsibility for the attack, but meanwhile Sudan’s security council is investigating and asking help from friendly countries in order to find the responsible of the attack to the prime minister. It would be no surprise, however, that sympathizers of Al-Bashir’s regime are behind the attack. Shortly after the attack, the state’s prosecutors began investigating who could be behind the attack and arrested some suspects.

The long path of negotiations for democracy in Sudan and the changes in legislation, especially those affecting women’s rights, may have angered conservative groups – it’s important to remember that Sudan has been living under an Islamic government for 30 years, and that Al-Bashir counted with allies in several Arab countries and militias inside Sudan.

The Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA), which also lead the anti-Al-Bashir movement, is calling for cohesion and unity for the civilian rule, as now that a threat appeared, it is more important than ever to be united as a people for the common well-being.

The major tasks for Hamdok’s government have been to solve the social and economic issues that the country is facing since Al-Bashir came to power – as well as dealing with Sudan’s rebel groups and reinforcing ties with international governments. The people who have fought for months for peace and a better situation in Sudan must see the results and improvement in their quality of life, knowing that there is a way “beyond the military and beyond Al-Bashir”.

  • Will Hamdok manage to tackle the offenses against his government and his reforms, while keeping the army’s power at bay?
  • Will the international community find interest in helping Sudan become a full democracy, if the terrorists are the common enemy?

Recommended articles:


The Parasite of Capitalism

By Francesco Felici


From Parasite to a parasite, that is how the global focus has shifted in these first months of the nefarious 2020.

At first, the world was amazed by the unprecedented success of this relatively niche Korean movie, Parasite by Bong Joon-ho. The movie not only won the 72nd edition of the Festival of Cannes, but it also became the first non-english production to win four Oscars, including best film. Not bad I must say. Unfortunately, just weeks later another parasite ramped on into the spotlight, with the breaking of the novel Coronavirus infecting over 200.000 people in the span of just two months, bringing the world into quarantine.

However, these two “parasites” share a similar menacing truth: they inherit flaws of the capitalist system which now more than ever is exposing its true unnatural features.

Indeed, the movie Parasite ultimately revolves around the struggle of classes. The director himself claimed that the inspiration for this movie came from his own personal experience. When he was in College, the director recall working for this very rich family as a personal tutor, and he harnessed that feeling of disparity and lust that he felt while working for that family in their luxurious house.

The movie, production of which began in 2015, was initially supposed to be a relatively light-hearted story of a poor family entering this extremely rich environment, sort of like a Korean Fresh Prince of Bel Air premise. However, as many films by Bong Joon-ho, it ended up being a more grim and drastically realistic take of class disparity.
Parasite revolves around the Kim, an extremely poor family of four who takes on the most demeaning jobs just to get along. Everything changes when, thanks to a mutual friend of Ki-woo (the youngest son), he is introduced to a very wealthy family that needs an English tutor for their daughter, the Park family.

Parasite director Bong Joon-Ho after the Oscars 2020 Award ceremony. Credits: GQ

Once Ki-woo is inside, he and the rest of the Kim slowly con their way into the Park family to become their helper and to raise some much needed cash. However, even though at first everything to run smoothly for the Kim’s, tragedy struck when they discover that they are not the only one who are living of the back of the Park’s wealth. The rest of the plot will not be disclosed here but the only thing left to know is that Parasite has already become a must-watch among multi-awarded film productions of the decade.

As I stated before, the movie revolves around class struggle. However, Parasite has a subtle way of guiding us audience towards that. Indeed, Bong Joon-ho masterfully crafts all the characters to be relatable albeit flawed.

Our protagonists – the Kim family – are not a pitiful bunch of helpless people who deserve our sympathy; they are con artists who are tricking another family for their own personal gain. On the other hand, the Parks which should be our “antagonists” are not a mustache-twirling villain who frowns upon the poor, they are just a very rich family that. although it a bit disconnected with the reality, are not in any way mean.

Thus, by presenting the characters in this way, we do not have a fully fledged antagonist. We do not have someone to root against, even though we feel that something is wrong and unfair. That is, the ludicrous gap of wealth between the Kim and the Park, and the realization that we cannot blame these people for acting the way they act, for they are molded by their social status. As an audience we feel disturbed watching to what length the Kims are willing to go to in order to save their scheme, as well as realizing how helpless and naïve the Park are in this struggle between classes.

Parasite shows us that at this point in our history the evolution of capitalism has made it so that inside of society we have a complete alienation between higher and lower classes, that when brought together act as if they inhabit in different realities.

Now, with the outbreak of the novel Covid-19 this very class disparity may expose the fatal flaw of capitalism.
Indeed, the spreading of this virus is nothing short of dreadful. Let us not be fooled by its low-risk of mortality (around 2-3%), because the very risk of this novel Covid-19 relies elsewhere. In the span of just a couple of weeks, the Coronavirus has plunged the stock markets into chaos, and has forced most of the Western nations to issue severe lockdown which will inevitably have ripple effects in the coming year. However, even though the image of stock market losing dozens of percentage points by the day is staggering, the devil lies elsewhere.

Let us take into example the United State of America, the front runner of capitalism. At first, president Donald Trump with all of his swagger deemed the threat of Covid-19 as mild, only to close all the boarders with the EU in the span of weeks after many of the predominant federal states such as Massachusetts and New York declared the state of emergency. Now the situation in the US is rapidly turning, similarly to what happened to Italy with the country slowly going into a preemptive lockdown.

However, given the notorious private health care system in America, the situation may well become tragic. If we take into account that roughly 10% of the American population does not have a healthcare plan, and most of the population holds a very basic one that does not cover hospitalization, and a full day in a hospital without insurance costs around 4000$ per person. Furthermore, if we consider that a scary feature of this Covid-19 is that if a patience suffers of violent symptoms, it requires almost two weeks of hospitalization and severe treatment to defeat the virus, it is easy to see how we have right here a receipt for disaster.

Just to give an example, it speaks volume the case of Frank Wucinski and his 3-years-old daughter Annabel. They were among the Americans that were flown back from Wuhan at the beginning of the pandemic and put into quarantine. Indeed, Mr. Wucinski has lived in China for several years due to his work, but he gladly came back in the US due to the virus. However, after the two weeks of mandatory quarantine, he was surprised with a medical bill of over 3000$, even though they were covered by a low-income healthcare plan called Medicaid. Not only the Wucinski contacted the town hall to ask for explanation as the quarantine was mandated by the state and received no answer, but later on they received more charges for the ambulance transport and the ex-rays for a total amount of over 7000$. Thus, this case foreshadows how the situation in the US might become more drastic as the virus spreads into the different strata of society.

This Parasite of Capitalism may very well be the much needed red flag that is going to awaken people to the inherited flaws of capitalism. When the disparity of class will ultimately lead to sanitary crisis, maybe we will be able to realize what extreme capitalism really entails. When the Kim of the world will face unbearable medical bills to protect their loved ones from this unknown virus, we will see how our system will change and adapt, or breakdown and crumble due to its own unnatural features.

The views and opinions expressed in the article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of The New Global Order|the Blog. Any content provided by our authors are of their opinion and are not intended to malign any religion, ethnic group, club, organization, company or individual.

Sognando l’Europa: i migranti in trappola fra Grecia e Turchia

A cura di Vittoria Corrado


Con le loro poche cose, a Edirne centinaia di migranti siriani si sono accampati nella speranza di varcare il confine greco. Tutti loro si trovavano da tempo in territorio turco senza riuscire a trovare un lavoro o a vivere decentemente. Giunti qui per la “straordinaria apertura” delle frontiere da parte di Erdogan hanno trovato schierata la polizia ellenica che ha scagliato contro di loro gas lacrimogeni e cannoni ad acqua.

Ma “indietro non si torna” e chi ci ha provato ha subito un trattamento similare da parte della polizia turca. Si trovano in questo momento dunque letteralmente in trappola, fermi in quel lembo di terra fra due stati ostili che li respingono da ambo le parti.

Il primo effetto collaterale di questo dramma è la “morte prematura” della Convenzione di Ginevra del 1951. In particolare del principio di non respingimento, secondo cui nessuno può essere deportato, espulso o trasferito verso paesi in cui la sua vita o la sua libertà sono in comprovato pericolo. La decisione della Grecia, con il sostegno dell’Unione europea, è stata infatti quella di sospendere l’accettazione di qualsiasi domanda d’asilo e di respingere tutti quelli che attraversano il confine illegalmente. Il precedente creato è a dir poco pericoloso e si ritiene altamente probabile che in futuro qualsiasi altro stato europeo faccia eco al modello greco.

Ad analizzare i motivi di questa scelta ci si rende conto del grande ruolo giocato del crescente sentimento nazionalista e anti-migratorio ellenico, veicolato ed amplificato dal partito greco di estrema destra Alba Dorata. Quest’ultimo ha da tempo adottato la strategia dei pattugliamenti armati “in caccia di migranti”: il respingimento assume così significato patriottico, atto di difesa della nazione contro l’ondata di migranti islamici e quindi contro l’islamizzazione della Grecia.

Alla luce di questa nuova gravissima crisi, il presidente turco Erdogan è volato a Bruxelles “a batter cassa”. Si è infatti tenuto nei giorni passati un incontro per ridiscutere i termini dell’accordo del 2016 sui migranti, che aveva per un po’ chiuso la questione con la formula dei finanziamenti alla Turchia per contenere l’ondata migratoria. L’incontro ha avuto il prevedibile epilogo di un nulla di fatto, salvo la promessa dell’UE a valutare un impegno reciproco nel proseguo dell’attuazione dell’accordo del 2016.

Il meccanismo di scambio fra accoglienza e denaro sembra esseri inceppato. Al contrario il fiume umano è ripartito e i migranti trovano ad aspettarli e in partenza solo lacrimogeni e bastonate.

  • Qual è il vero obiettivo di Erdogan? Quali i possibili vantaggi nell’intervento militare in Siria o nell’ipotesi di nuovi finanziamenti europei alla Turchia?
  • Quanto sarà difficile per L’Unione Europea rispondere all’imperativo di umanità, solidarietà e soprattutto mettere in atto una gestione coerente di questa nuova crisi migratoria?

Per ulteriori approfondimenti:

The Demise of a Controversial Leader

By Sonia Harim

Hosni Mubarack, 91 in the picture, during one of his last public appearances. Credits: Il Fatto Quotidiano

This 25th February marked a bittersweet lap for Egyptians. Former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak passed away without being held accountable for his actions during the Arab Spring in Egypt, back in 2011.

Egypt is one of the Middle East’s pillars, and as such, has often undergone critical events in order to keep itself stable – while the society has often been the victim of this condition.

In these last decade, the MENA (Middle East, Northern Africa) region saw most of its decades-long rulers fall: Gaddafi, Mubarak, Bouteflika and Al-Bashir, for example. Even though there are those who rebel against tyranny, there are some who need to identify the president as what’s familiar, a strong-man savior, and are willing to indulge his corruption and oppression.

Why did this happen, in the first place?

The origin of the known fierce Middle Eastern nationalism could be, for most of the countries, the Ba’ath movement and its evolution from pan-Arabism and its socialist chore. Those were movements for the people, after monarchies or foreign rule had kept them stuck. Then, the leaders came. Who would have thought that Hafez Al-Assad, the father of Bashar Al-Assad, could be considered a hero after he established a totalitarian regime under the Ba’ath’s control? 

Those leaders, that were originally for the people and from the people, ended up becoming a paternal figure,  that was doing what was “best” for its citizens: like what was said about Hafez Al-Assad “his wisdom was beyond the comprehension of the average citizen”. That is one of the reasons why leaders in the Arab world tried to remain in power in spite of revolutions and their people suffering from economic and political corruption. That’s the reason why so many people in the Arab world remain with the head down: most for fear, and some because the government, the regime, the system, may be something way bigger than them, that cannot be modified.

Since the Arab Spring began, the estimated deaths have been over 61,000. There are some that still defend the dictators that hardened their co-citizens’ lives, because they need a “leader”, they need “order”, or because they benefit from it. And that’s exactly what some new leaders in the Middle East do: they have to stay in power, at whatever price, because that’s what’s good for the people. The nationalist flag still makes some fall into the trap. It’s just a card game, where people just watch and pay the price while the leaders mostly get away with their crimes, peacefully.  

Recommended readings


By Janet Kimani

In San Juan Del Riò (México), Dafne McPherson, 29, was released on January 25th, 2019. This was after serving only three years out of her sixteen-year sentence. That’s great, right? Wrong.

Dafne McPherson was sentenced for going through something that women all over the world experience, unfortunately, every single day. A devastating process of pain, physical and emotional, and acute loss. Dafne McPherson was being prosecuted, shamed and punished, for having a miscarriage.

The unfortunate incident occurred at the department store at which she worked where, after suddenly experiencing immense pain, she went into labour and shortly after, had a miscarriage in the bathroom stall. However, not all saw this in the same light. According to the prosecutors, she had murdered her newborn child, an act “not even a dog would do.” The miscarriage was reported under self-induced childbirth, murder (BBC 2019).

Ms. McPherson’ (center) and her relatives celebrating her safe release after the three-year prison period. Credits: Tenemos Noticias

In addition, after evidence was produced that she had, in fact, no control over the situation she suffered, she was released, with no compensation for the trauma, pain and injustice she had suffered. Above all, the three years stolen from her seven-year-old daughter, Lia, whose mother was suddenly removed from her life, will never be recovered. 

Unfortunately, this is not the only story of its kind.

Latin America has seen an uprise of women persecuted for having miscarriages in the name of self-induced delivery with an aim of abortion. In 2014, in Argentina, a woman under the pseudonym Belen was also accused of murder after suffering a miscarriage. In 2016 after spending two years in prison, she was sentenced to eight years for aggravated murder i.e. murder of a relative (independent, 2016).  Similar incidences are on the rise not only in Latin America, but all over the world in countries with brass bound abortion laws, and even in seemingly liberal countries such as the USA. This has led to women who suffer miscarriages being put behind bars, all in the name of upholding the law. There are clear injustices being perpetrated, and little to no reparations to the victims. Unfortunately, there is a slim chance of things improving, given that some countries remain unwilling to either properly invest in a proper investigative process before putting women behind bars, or to simply revise the application of existing laws. This complacency translates into the cycle of blatant injustice being carried forward until like in the case of Dafne, it is too little, too late.

Pro-life or pro-choice, this is simply a question of being pro-justice!

  • Are these cases more than a gendered issue? i.e. how much do other factors such as weaknesses of judicial systemsplay into the issue?
  • Does the solution lie in putting more into investigations, or in doing away with these laws altogether?
  • How do such cases tie in and/or contribute to the rampant cases of femicides in some Latin American countries such as Mexico?

Suggested Further Reading

PRIMARIES 2020: New Hampshire & Iowa

A cura di Norberto Cristofori

Non è l’inizio tranquillo che si aspettavano i Democratici con queste Primarie.

Il caos organizzativo dell’Iowa sembrava aver inclinato quasi inevitabilmente questo lungo viaggio.

I cinque giorni per ottenere i risultati, l’incertezza e la mala organizzazione della macchina dei democratici avevano creato malessere e imbarazzo nei candidati e nei militanti. In opposto Trump e il partito repubblicano hanno avuto vita troppo semplice per sbeffeggiare e ridicolizzare l’operato degli avversari. 

Immagine che contiene screenshot

Descrizione generata automaticamente

Tralasciando però il caos, queste due prime votazioni (Iowa e New Hampshire) hanno dato dei primi segnali di quali candidati sono in ascesa e chi invece non riesce a ingranare.

I vincitori

Bernie Sanders e Pete Buttigieg sono ad oggi quelli che se la stanno cavando meglio. Se Sanders era dato come il favorito (per idee, capacità di attrazione, fondi e organizzazione), il Sindaco di South Bend invece è l’under dog di queste primarie.

Moderato e con un’ottima oratoria è riuscito ad attrarre il cosiddetto zoccolo più conservatore nei democratici. La cosa che forse ha stupito di più è l’ottima organizzazione del suo staff che sta lavorando egregiamente partendo da una situazione di quasi sconosciuto (a costo di eresie, un po’ come fece Obama nel lontano 2008).

La sorpresa

Chi non si aspettava potesse raggiungere degli ottimi risultati è Amy Klobuchar, altra candidata estremamente moderata, ma che è riuscita a ritagliarsi un posto sul podio in questo inizio.

Difficilmente riuscirà a ottenere la vittoria finale, ma potrà rivelarsi un’ottima sorpresa.

Le delusioni

Bè, i nomi sono due: Elizabeth Warren e Joe Biden.

Joe Biden partiva come il vincitore sicuro di queste primarie e da molti suoi discorsi sembrava già in campagna elettorale contro Trump. Peccato abbia dimenticato che prima bisognava vincere le primarie.

Il 15% in Iowa e l’8% in NH sono percentuali assolutamente incomprensibili solo qualche mese fa. Ma c’erano molti segnali premonitori su questi risultati. La poca brillantezza dei suoi discorsi, il non trattare o trattare poco i temi che stanno più a cuore alla base dem, qualche problema organizzativo della macchina elettorale che sembra un po’ vecchia e poco incisiva per questo decennio.

Certamente potrà riprendersi, ma oggi non è più considerato il super favorito.

La Warren invece era considerata la candidata più progressista con Bernie Sanders.

Risultato immagini per bernie sanders against warren
Elizabeth Warren (R) and Bernie Sanders (L).

Ottimo curriculum condito con idee estremamente liberali l’avevano portata nei sondaggi a lottare tra i primi posti. Ma i giovani e molte donne hanno preferito chi quelle idee le porta avanti da molto tempo: Bernie Sanders.

Forse quella brutta scena tra loro due durante uno dei ultimi dibattiti prima dell’inizio delle primarie non l’ha sicuramente aiutata, rendendo la sua figura e la sua candidatura sempre più in ombra.

Chi ci lascia

Risultato immagini per andrew yang

Andrew Yang ha lasciato la corsa.

Ha ottenuto grandissimi risultati considerando che non era né un politico né una persona conosciuta. I suoi temi sono sembrati molto interessanti e, in certi casi, visionari. Il reddito universale per affrontare la disoccupazione che creeranno le macchine è stata forse l’idea più discussa, criticata e apprezzata della sua campagna.

Yang ha fatto sapere che non lascerà la politica, ma aspetterà a dire cosa intende fare.

I rumors dicono che possa candidarsi come prossimo sindaco di New York o entrare in una eventuale amministrazione democratica post Trump.

Cosa succede ora?

Il 22 Febbraio si voterà in Nevada, stato dove c’è una forte presenza ispanica e il 29 Febbraio si andrà in South Carolina, dove c’è invece una forte presenza afroamericana.

Saranno interessanti perché sono i primi stati dove l’elettorato democratico non è solamente bianco, quindi si vedrà se Sanders ad esempio è riuscito a recuperare terreno rispetto a quattro anni fa.

In SC è l’ultimo banco di prova per Joe Biden. Se fallirà anche questo appuntamento la sua corsa è praticamente finita.

Per il giovane Buttigieg è ormai tutta una sorpresa. Sarà lui alla fine l’anti Bernie?

Ultimi dati

Data for Progress – Nevada Caucus Poll

Sanders 35%

Warren 16%

Buttigieg 15%

Biden 14%

Does the Government Hide the Victims? First Killed by Coronavirus in Spain Was Not Diagnosed

By Lucía Ballester Bellver

Many say it is a stronger flu. Others, the global pandemic that will end part of the population, equating it with the black plague. What is certain is that COVID-19, better known as Coronavirus, divides the population and is beginning not only to expand its influence, but also to foment collective hysteria.

As of March 4th, in Valencia (Spain) the first coronavirus victim had died. Surprisingly, it has been discovered at necropsy and the government is being accused of having hidden that it had coronavirus: more alarm, more chaos, more misinformation. One patient, initially diagnosed with pneumonia, died on February 13 from COVID-19, as reported by the Minister of Health, Ana Barceló. This case known through a retrospective investigation, Barceló explained, was detected after the change of criteria for defining cases made by the Ministry of Health on February 27. This change urged a second analysis of deaths due to pneumonia of unknown origin.

It is increasingly alarming to see the amount of media that led to this widespread panic. A big role was played by deceptive and alarmist headlines that, being read by people not very skilled in health and saturated with information, were seen as apocalyptic warnings.

COVID-19 mortality rate as of February 27th, 2020. Credits: Business Insider

Mortality outside of China is 0.7% and mainly concerns the elderly, between 67 and 90 years old with previous pathologies. But still, we see young healthy and strong people buy dozens of masks (useless for the majority of cases) and leaving pharmacies devoid of antibacterial gel.

Meanwhile, in Spain, Valencian citizens accuse the government of hiding information, although they have claimed that it was a subsequent investigation of a patient who, in principle, only had pneumonia. On the other hand, it is true that the Ministry of Health was already accused at the time of “not knowing” that 2500 Valencians traveled to Milan during the outbreak of coronavirus.

  • Is Spain, like China, acting recklessly and deliberately hiding information, or are people exaggerating?
  • Did the Spanish government know this case and hid it out of fear, or has it been an oversight and a failure due to diagnose the patient before?
  • Is this virus extremely dangerous, or just a more powerful flu? 
  • Do you think this virus is a bacteriological weapon to eliminate population, as many lovers of conspiracy theories argue?

Suggested Readings

The Von der Leyen Commission: the Plan for a New EU

By Aurora Ceccotti

Credits: Euronews

In December 2019 Ursula von der Leyen has been unanimously chosen to lead the European Commission. Under the first woman to lead the European Commission, the latter will focus on enhancing gender equality, tackling climate change and augmenting the European Union’s geopolitical role.

Her previous role as defence minister in Germany seems to influence her approach as the appointee in the European commission, planning to invest 30% more in external action and a further 30% investment in development funding and humanitarian aid.

Furthermore, the role of NATO is considered to be beneficial if complemented to the autonomy of the EU defence system, which would stem from further spending on the latter. Several measures have been implemented to increment the geopolitical role of the EU.  The High Representative has now a more prominent role, chairing the Commissioners Group “A Stronger Europe in the World” and a new collegial preparatory body called “The Group for External Coordination”, hence being able to supervise the Commissioners Project Groups and Interservice Groups. This is deemed to increase homogeneity and strategy of the European Union’s external action. 

The High Representative will also work closely with the Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement to expand the European external influence, especially in the Western Balkans. Von der Leyen furtherly stressed the importance of external action promising that the latter will be weekly discussed within the College.

As far as concerns gender equality, in order to create a more gender-balanced environment, she selected 12 women out of 27 as EU commissioners and proposed to enhance the ratio of women to 50% in all Cabinets at an administrative level. Furthermore, a “European Green Deal’ is planned to be established, which aims at removing greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.  Investment in green technologies, innovation, research, sustainable solutions, and innovation is in fact considered to have great potential to boost economic growth.

  • How will the enhancement of the EU defence systems factor in the legitimacy crisis of NATO?
  • Will the Multiannual Financial Framework presented by Von der Leyen’s Commission bring the expected progresses in the green industry despite rising energetic demand among EU-27 countries?

Suggested Readings

PRIMARIES 2020: Iowa

A cura di Norberto Cristofori

Credits: VOX


Due settimane fa sono iniziate ufficialmente le affollate e infinite Primarie Democratiche. Il primo stato è come da consuetudine l’Iowa. Se non siete esperti di geografia americana si trova tra l’Illinois (Chicago) e il Nebraska, quindi nel centro nord degli Usa.

La capitale ha un nome che sembra arrivare dalla campagna francese, Des Moines e ha 200 mila abitanti.

Facendo una rapida radiografia con diversi dati si possono capire molte cose:

  • È uno stato prettamente bianco
  • Il 25% della popolazione ha tra i 15-35 anni
  • Solo il 5% della popolazione non ha un’assicurazione sanitaria
  • Tra il 2014 e il 2016 ha sofferto moltissimo la crisi, riprendendosi lentamente in questi ultimi due anni
  • La povertà è comunque al 11%

Anche se i grafici fermano il tempo su certi temi molto importanti, le variabili di voto sono innumerevoli.

L’ultimo sondaggio dava in testa Biden al 21%, seguito da Sanders, Warren e Buttigieg che si attestavano tutti sul 16-17%. Il range era così basso che risultava impossibile dire con certezza chi avesse più possibilità di vincere.

Non ha aiutato neanche la modalità di voto, non essendo una semplice primaria con “X” sul candidato, ma un Caucus (una modalità che vi abbiamo spiegato già nel primo articolo).

Nel 2016 fu una battaglia con percentuali risicatissime. Hillary Clinton vinse con il 49,84% contro Bernie Sanders con il 49,59%.Nel 2008 invece fu l’incoronazione del giovane Obama che vinse con il 37,6% battendo Edwards (29,7%) e Hillary (29,4%).

Per questo l’Iowa risulta uno stato molto incerto e che alla vigilia del voto non dava maggior certezza a nessuno dei candidati democratici.

Quindi si può dire che le parole chiavi del Iowa sono da sempre: incertezza, suspence e trampolino di lancio.

Diritto e dovere significa obbligo a votare?

A cura di Milena Di Nenno

Votare è un diritto e un dovere del cittadino in ogni democrazia liberale. I cittadini hanno il diritto di decidere da chi essere rappresentati, e il dovere di scegliere per consolidare i valori democratici. Tuttavia, sembra che ci sia sempre più disinteresse nei confronti della politica, e in molti casi anche forte delusione scaturita da scelte passate. Nell’indecisione, è meglio non recarsi a votare, perché – detto all’italiana- “i politici sono tutti ladri che scaldano le poltrone.”

Evidentemente, questa problematica non viene riscontrata soltanto in Italia. Sono 22, infatti, gli stati del mondo in cui votare non è solo un diritto e un dovere, ma anche un obbligo di ciascun cittadino. Obbligo perché non recarsi alle urne comporta la restrizione di alcuni privilegi e, talvolta sanzioni pecuniarie.

In Uruguay, viene tolta la possibilità di lavorare in enti pubblici o di dare esami all’università. In Brasile, si viene privati del diritto a ottenere un passaporto o un mutuo statale. Restringendo il campo all’Europa, è obbligatorio votare in Danimarca, Cipro, Grecia, Liechtenstein, Lussemburgo e Belgio. In Belgio, ad esempio, si corre il rischio di dover pagare una multa tra i 30 e i 60 euro e, se non ci si reca alle urne per quattro volte in 15 anni, si può essere radiati dalle liste elettorali per 10 anni durante i quali non si può ricevere alcuna promozione, nomina o premio distintivo dalle autorità pubbliche.

In questi Paesi, l’obbligo al voto è una misura per contrastare il crescente fenomeno dell’astensionismo. Non a caso, è il Belgio che ha registrato la maggior percentuale di affluenza alle urne delle Elezioni Europee 2019. L’88,47% della popolazione belga ha votato per eleggere il Parlamento Europeo. In Italia, l’affluenza è stata quasi la metà, 54,5%. In Slovacchia, solamente il 22,74% della popolazione si è recata a votare.

L’affluenza per le Elezioni Europee permette sicuramente di confrontare diversi stati chiamati a votare per la stessa istituzione, ma porta alla luce problematiche che vanno oltre il voto, come ad esempio il ‘deficit democratico’ dell’Unione Europea o il ruolo che ciascuno stato ha avuto nel processo di formazione dell’UE. In molti sostengono che, quanto più i cittadini sentono l’istituzione vicina alle loro necessità, tanto più si recano alle urne. L’obbligo a votare è quindi la soluzione per avvicinare istituzioni e persone?

Sicuramente, l’obbligo di voto è una misura che riduce l’astensionismo, ma allo stesso tempo solleva molti dubbi, perché è necessario risalire alla radice dell’astensionismo, che in molti casi deriva da disinteresse della popolazione, dalla lontananza delle istituzioni dalla quotidianità dei cittadini, o dalla forte delusione per scelte passate.

  • Se l’astensionismo è riconducibile a disinteresse e delusione, l’obbligo a votare rimane funzionale?
  • È giusto rinforzare un diritto togliendo altri privilegi?
  • Considerando la situazione di Paesi come l’Italia, cosa potrebbe avere più effetti positivi, l’obbligo al voto o misure di sensibilizzazione dei cittadini al voto?

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